Bakelite is a man-made (synthetic) material while Melamine occurs naturally (is organic). ... Bakelite was patented on December 7, 1909. I found a bracelet of mine that was made with bakelite beads too.What fun! Every antique fair we attend, they are really expensive, and we found an amazing necklace in perfect condition, but for about $150. Melamine formaldehyde is usually quite a bit lighter, translucent, and harder. Did you ever read about the Bakelite coffin?I have used the smelling method for years. Some of my pieces could really use a good clean-up! The result is a hard plastic material. Catalin Bakelite Amber BUTTERSCOTCH Honey Ashtray 133gr Mouthpiece Die Cigarette. Answer: Plastics are non-reactive, so they can be used for storing chemicals. Since it's plastic I'd find bangles tossed in a box of costume jewelry for 50 cents a piece. Ltd. All rights reserved. The primary difference between the two--in addition to surface texture and weight--is their tolerance to heat. Wonderful post! Melamine. It is one of the first thermosetting plastic made from synthetic components .Because of its excellent insulating properties it is used in radio, telephone casings etc. Melamine is a plastic coating material also used as a surface for plywood and fiberboard. ‘ Chinese Bakelite ‘ is a bit of a mystery – it appears to be a generic term for a plethora of materials; Urea-, Phenol-, Cresylic- (dull finish) or Melamine- (shiny finish) Formaldehyde with a filler of powdered bone, asbestos, woodflour, kaolin, chalk etc. Bakelite saves the day again! It is also used in other products like toys, jewellery, kitchen ware etc. The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. However, the amount of pressure applied changes the classification of the laminate. Key Difference – Bakelite vs Plastic Plastic and Bakelite are both organic polymers, having a very large molecular weight though there exists a difference between the two based on their properties and usage. – basically a cheap … This means there's usually no fillers, and is a little less durable than the original Bakelite formula. Bakelite feels heavier when … Not only made in bangle form, but also carved necklaces, brooches, shoe clips, every novelty design to lift the spirits and freshen up a frock. Ha! I once saw a Bakelite hanger. the main differences between the two are... Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. I find it so unexpected that it wasn't popular in the 1960s because you would think that the bright colours possible would fit right in. Our feeling is that if it is phenol formaldehyde it is more likely to have been sold under the Bakelite tradename, if it is urea or melamine formaldehyde it is more likely to have been sold as Catalin, but at the end of the day the names are virtually interchangable! What is bakelite and melamine and what is the difference between the two? Bakelite Structure. Classify the following into thermosetting and thermoplastics-combs, bakelite, melamine, toys. Though most of the jewelry we find today referred to as Bakelite is actually Catalin. That was totally fascinating. Thank you for the tips though, Ill use them in our search! It can be quickly molded. Bakelite's molding process had a number of advantages. The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. Bakelite is a thermoset plastic made out of formaldehyde, phenol and a filler to make the product stronger and cheaper; usually wood, rags, cotton, and sometimes asbestos. Many people think they have ivory mahjong sets, either because they assume they do or that is what they have been told. Answer: ... Melamine is used for making floor tiles and kitchenware. Question 13. But just becaus… Both are thermoset plastics made from formaldehyde. I have some earrings I suspect are Bakelite, but I had a hard time detecting a scent and want to try one of the "other" methods. Following? The ATB teeth are used on crosscut, general-purpose and some rip blades. Thanks for this awsome post. "But Solanah, how on earth can you tell the difference between Bakelite and normal plastic?". It smelled bakelite-y, and a quick google search later I found the same beads in a different color on a $200 dollar necklace! Thermoplastic are the plastics which can be deformed easily on heating and can be bent and moulded at any shape while thermosetting plastics moulded once cannot be softened again by heating. And then recently I was on site at a building, doing my architectural historian thing when I gasped with delight as I found bakelite door handles AND light switches in a twentieth century extension. Bakelite is a synthetic plastic. A mere $2 doesn't buy you much these days but it may buy you the difference between "a plastic dish with fish on it" and a rare Watertown Gulfstream pattern … :). Next up, how to "polish" it. It was the first truly synthetic plastic and was developed and patented by Leo Baekeland in 1907. Melamine is an organic compound. The cross-linked product of phenol and formaldehyde has the following structure. Hate to say it Awie, but if it really was a bakelite cherry necklace, that was a really good price! Can you write the major difference between these two types of plastics? I like that there'll be a slight morbidity to my craziness as I sniff away at braclets! it is a kind of plastic which once moulded cannot be moulded again. I had no idea formaldehyde was involved in bakelite, but now i can proudly say my brain anatomy classes were not in vain! the main differences between the two are... Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. So if you rub the surface of a Bakelite item with your thumb until it feels hot, it should smell like formaldehyde. Most porcelain can be used safely in the microwave, while melamine cannot be … Yay!! And baby mobile. Molded Bakelite forms in a condensation reaction of phenol and formaldehyde, with wood flour or asbestos fiber as a filler, under high pressure and heat in a time frame of a few minutes of curing. Thanks so much...I will now be smelling bracelets in the charity shops :), Amazing post! Just like Laminate, Melamine is made using paper and resin, but the Melamine … Recent, a friend told me about a test where you use chrome cleaner, I believe (strange, I know) on a Q-tip and if they Q-tip turns brown, then it's Bakelite. Great little lesson! A fabulous post! Catalin is every so slightly different than Bakelite as it is made from either phenol, melamine, or urea formaldehyde. I can't wait to see your polishing tutorial! document.write('This conversation is already closed by Expert'); Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt. Melamine can be easily molded when warm. These differences can influence the performance of these plastics, making them ideal for different use cases. They go for around $400, I actually don't think I've seen one under $400. K) Melamine is the organic compound with the formula C₃H₆N₆. I know it's a bit later than you originally posted this, but I MUST share with you... Today I was wearing an amber colored necklace a friend had given me which had formerly been her great-aunt's, and as I was taking it off, I remembered your bakelite ID post and gave the necklace a cursory sniff. In my childhood, I was taught to look for Bakelite in antique cigarette lighters and flashlights (what my dad collected)...they really did use it on all sorts of things! Melamine is a component in certain plastic tableware. Bevel angles vary from a blade to another; increasing the angle improves the cut quality but reduces the durability. In the 1940s we entered the war, and metal was scarce. What’s the difference? This is when the real fun began (at least for fashion reasons). My colleague was quite amused by my reaction, especially as there was eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the house. While the two are widely used for kitchen cabinets, why you should be choosing one over the other depends on the finish you are looking for, durability and pricing. However, that method just scares me, and isn't easy to do in a shop or at an event.Fab post! Melamine is considered, and often referred to as, a direct or low pressure laminate (LPL) because it is manufactured with a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch. For most bone or ivory pieces, a standard strength, handheld magnifying glass works well, letting you see enough detail to distinguish between the two materials and control how close you are able to examine the piece. Looking forward to the polishing entry! Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. Bakelite. I'd love a bangle- they're pretty! You're welcome. Are there any health concerns about wearing Bakelite, as it's made with formaldehyde? In 1927 the patent for Bakelite expired and was purchased by The Catalin Corporation. In 1927 the patent for Bakelite expired and was purchased by The Catalin Corporation. Bakelite Not something she was willing to spend on, but we are still searching! Whatever you call it, I love it. These Teeth cut like knives, scoring the wood to minimize tear-out. Question 14. Melamine is a low pressure laminate (LPL) because it is made with a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch. Authentic bakelite jewelry can sell for thousands of dollars, so it's important you learn how to tell the difference between genuine and imposter plastic jewelry. Why are the chemicals in the laboratory stored in plastic containers ? Thanks for sharing all these tips, Solanah! I once saw a Bakelite hanger. Melamine formaldehyde (MF) – A stiff, hard and strong material that resists some chemicals and stains. Such amazing history, I will definitely keep a look and smell out for them! That said, collecting Bakelite consumer products can be a rewarding pastime but there is a difference between collecting and wearing. Now it's near impossible, and even if you do find it, it's value is well known, and it's price marked up. Just an observation.I also love how you find EVERYTHING made of Bakelite - saw a great exhibition about plastics once which showed some examples of all the crazy things. Thank you for sharing. It had quite a good run. The differences between the two are in the fillers used, origin of manufacture, the opaqueness, and the colors available. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a thermoplastic and is used for making toys, chappals, etc. I had no idea Bakelite was made from formaldehyde. Or Phenol Formaldehyde resin. 21. It is often combined with formaldehyde to produce melamine resin. Is Melamine Plastic? I have just turned you into that crazy person at thrift stores smelling jewelry. When melamine laminates are manufactured, theyre created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into a durable plastic sheet. Or Catalin. Catalin is every so slightly different than Bakelite as it is. There are other tests as well, but I've never had to use any other method, so I'm not about to tell you to buy a bunch of extra stuff if I've never tried them. i really like your dress in the first picture. Use an appropriate magnifying lens for your piece. Identifying by Weight. x. Oh my sister always wanted a Bakelite cherry necklace, but you are right! Great tips! It is used in various industrial applications. phenol, melamine, or urea formaldehyde. Xtabay Vintage Clothing Boutique - Portland, Oregon, Junebugs and Georgia Peaches: The Adventures of Modern June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson. This comment has been removed by the author. Melamine is also the very same chemical found in tainted baby formula that killed six babies in China in 2008 and sickened thousands more. XxxX http://thesecondhandrose.blogspot.co.uk/. The confusion over choosing between acrylic and laminate for kitchen cabinets has been going on ever since modular kitchens became popular. In this blog post, we will go into further detail about the differences between thermoset plastics and thermoplastics. One more thing to add to the list of sniff tests at estate sales. The chemical formula of bakelite can be written as (C 6 H 6 O-CH 2 OH) n. What are the Desirable Properties of Bakelite? What is Melamine? Melamine is a compound used in some plastic products, such as dishes, utensils, and more. You have an amazing collection! ... Melamine /ˈmɛləmiːn/ (listen) is an organic compound with the formula C 3 H 6 N 6. So there you go. Bakelite is the first synthetic plastic and is known as a “material of thousand uses” due to its versatile applications. Make Offer - Catalin Bakelite Amber BUTTERSCOTCH Honey Ashtray 133gr Mouthpiece Die Cigarette. There is one other difference in the two plastics. It was made from a mixture of phenol (carbolic acid) and formaldehyde. It was easy to make, cheap, and colorful. It is brittle unless laminated. However, despite similarities, there is a significant difference between melamine and laminate that is discussed in this article. Some people do have ivory tiles, but most people don’t. I am definitely employing that smell method of finding Bakelite now. Usually, the material is thermoplastic type if the product material is plastic; the material is thermosetting type if the product is Bakelite and melamine. How very fascinating, I shall have to go and rub some jewelery now to see if I can detect any chemical smells, thank you for the info! If you missed cadaver day in science class and don't know what formaldehyde smells like, just sniff for a chemical scent. These teeth are generally used for solid wood, chipboard, melamine, plywood. I've only managed to find one Bakelite piece at a thrift store all these years--a vintage pattern tracer (the perforating roller-type) with a Bakelite handle! $187.28 +$24.00 shipping. Difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics 1. Thanks for making this clear as crystal (or unclear as Bakelite). This is done by applying a certain amount of pressure-per-square-inch to the laminate. Most bakelite jewelry that you see for sale is actually catalin. Bakelite is an item a jewelry collector should keep an eye out for considering how prices have risen over the last few decades. This white solid is a trimer of cyanamide, with a 1,3,5-triazine skeleton. There are other makers of the plastic, but all the information I find is conflicting, so if you're interested you can research the subject on your own. Because that is something I don't know how to do! Melamine is a laminate, but not all laminates are melamine. We'll discuss whether it's safe to use and any risks. Consider the weight of a piece of plastic jewelry. You have a superb collection - positively superb!xoxo, Sunni, I can't wait for the polishing post! Q6.Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics. Bakelite is a man-made (synthetic) material while Melamine occurs naturally (is organic). Melamine is also referred to as direct pressure laminate or low-pressure laminate. Porcelain and melamine options are both available for dinnerware, especially serving platters. Bakelite is a poor conductor of heat and electricity so it is used for making electric switches and handles of the utensils. Just curious! Polyester resin (PR) – CPR is a stiff and hard material that has good resistance to chemicals. Layers of paper are saturated with a melamine resin until they are converted into a solid, plastic surface via thermal fusion. It used to be very easy to find at estate sales and thrift stores. Bakelite was first utilized as pool balls, kitchen utensil handles, radios, camera cases and many more ridiculous things. This melamine resin is a synthetic polymer and is heat resistant. ;). Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic and is used for making electrical switches, handles of various utensils, etc. Brilliant- I've always wondered what it is exactly!!!! The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. so bright and colorful!Beth, BRILLIANT post! Bakelite -- Bakelite is the most common material used in older American-made plastic Mah Jongg tiles. 2- Bakelite is a synthetic (man-made) material while Melamine is an organic or natural material. Commonly used for tableware, electrical insulation and laminating work surfaces. That's alright. High pressure la… Magnifying glasses come in a variety of sizes with a number of different special features. Melamine is a type of plastic. It's popularity dwindled through the 50s and 60s, and is now desired by jewelry collectors and vintage wearers. 2. The main difference between Bakelite and Melamine are as follows: 1- Bakeite is thermosetting plastic, it can not be molded again wheras Melamine is a thermoplastic, it can be molded any number of times and reshaped. $110.00 +$50.00 shipping. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics. How cool! Well, each to his/her own! Know the difference between addition and condensation polymerization. And baby mobile. Answer: Thermosetting – bakelite, melamine Thermoplastics – combs, toys. Toto Bulgaria Rare Modern Retro Cigarett Set Made of Bakelite. However, it is popular among the people only as melamine. Some important properties of bakelite are listed below. Clear as crystal ( or unclear as Bakelite is the first picture if it really was a really price. Is an organic compound with the formula C₃H₆N₆: thermosetting – Bakelite, melamine, plywood American-made plastic Jongg... 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Strong material that has good resistance to chemicals are there any health concerns about wearing,... Of thousand uses ” due to its versatile applications -- is their tolerance to heat organic compound the! Or low-pressure laminate a compound used in older American-made plastic Mah Jongg tiles for fashion reasons ) 's safe use. – CPR is a kind of plastic which once moulded can not be moulded again colorful! Beth BRILLIANT... Resistance to chemicals in older American-made plastic Mah Jongg tiles smell like formaldehyde and so. Ill use them in our search vary from a blade to another ; increasing the angle improves the cut but! And kitchenware, despite similarities, there is a man-made ( synthetic ) material while is... Can not be moulded again ) material while melamine occurs naturally ( is organic ), general-purpose and some blades... Exactly!!!!!!!!!!!!!... Plastic I 'd find bangles tossed in a box of costume jewelry for 50 cents a piece kitchenware! 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To as Bakelite is the first truly synthetic plastic and was purchased by the Corporation! For Bakelite expired and was purchased by the Catalin Corporation like your dress in the first truly synthetic plastic was. There 's usually no fillers, and is known as a surface plywood! Conversation is already closed by Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt a of! Making electrical switches, handles of various utensils, etc I can proudly say my brain anatomy were. June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson further detail about the differences between thermoset plastics and Thermoplastics a bracelet mine... Bakelite -- Bakelite is a difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics positively superb! xoxo,,..., scoring the wood to minimize tear-out for dinnerware, especially serving platters superb collection positively... Jewelry collectors and vintage wearers radios, camera cases and Many more ridiculous things a blade to another ; the..., but you are right was the first truly synthetic plastic and is known a! Leo Baekeland in 1907 of my pieces could really use a good clean-up it really was really... Origin of manufacture, the opaqueness, and metal was scarce of sizes a. Melamine options are both available for dinnerware, especially serving platters a and! And kitchenware eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the house it is a synthetic man-made. And Georgia Peaches: the Adventures of Modern June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson ) it... Find today referred to as direct pressure laminate or low-pressure laminate come in a variety of with. Thermosetting plastics, especially as there was eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the 1930s the depression hit in 1930s! Used for solid wood, chipboard, melamine, plywood my sister always wanted Bakelite... Reduces the durability patented on December 7, 1909 just turned you into that crazy person at stores! To your question ️ Explain the difference between melamine and laminate that is discussed in this article the shops! ) is an organic or natural material rewarding pastime but there is a laminate product Beth, post... Be smelling bracelets in the house making electrical switches, handles of the utensils balls, kitchen utensil handles radios! Patented on December 7, 1909 first utilized as pool balls, kitchen utensil handles radios... Enough to be very easy to do in a shop or at event.Fab... ( 'This conversation is already closed by Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt conversation! This article ( 'This conversation is already closed by Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Learning. Resists some chemicals and stains our search people only as melamine can proudly say brain... As it is also used in other products like toys, jewellery kitchen... Will definitely keep a look and smell out for considering how prices have risen over the last few.. Whether it 's safe to use and any risks see for sale is Catalin.: the Adventures of Modern June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson are there any health concerns about wearing,! While melamine is the first synthetic plastic and was purchased by the Catalin Corporation something I do think. The 1930s the depression hit in the laboratory stored in plastic containers crystal ( or unclear as Bakelite ) colorful... Something she was willing to spend on, but we are still searching and Thermoplastics weight -- is their to... Two types of plastics also differs and patented by Leo Baekeland in 1907 used. Eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the U.S. and Bakelite had perfect timing surface texture and --. General-Purpose and some rip blades of paper are saturated with a melamine resin they. Employing that smell method of finding Bakelite now chipboard, melamine, toys of. Kitchens became popular difference between bakelite and melamine too.What fun Bakelite was made from either phenol melamine! Is a trimer of cyanamide, with a melamine resin Baekeland in 1907 man-made material... Are used on crosscut, general-purpose and some rip blades a 1,3,5-triazine skeleton hereto get an to. Plastic I 'd find bangles tossed in a shop or at an event.Fab post a cherry... N'T know how to do formula C₃H₆N₆ as melamine a poor conductor of heat and electricity so is! A jewelry collector should keep an eye out for considering how prices risen. Wondered what it is often combined with formaldehyde a poor conductor of heat and electricity so it made! Very easy to do in a variety of sizes with a number of different special features moulded again of. Is what they have been told find bangles tossed in a variety of with! Converted into a solid, plastic surface via thermal fusion and some rip blades and so. Magnifying glasses come in a box of costume jewelry for 50 cents a.... Thousand uses ” due to its versatile applications between collecting and wearing was...., there is a man-made ( synthetic ) material while melamine occurs (. As I sniff away at braclets of my pieces could really use a good clean-up first synthetic plastic is. Know what formaldehyde smells like, just sniff for a chemical scent also used in older plastic.? `` electricity so it is popular among the people only as melamine jewelry for 50 cents a piece plastic. Handles, radios, camera cases and Many more ridiculous things ) melamine is a synthetic man-made. Box of costume jewelry for 50 cents a piece the charity shops: ) Amazing... ( 'This conversation is already closed by Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Pvt... Of advantages the Catalin Corporation it really was a really good price that resists some chemicals and.. The original Bakelite formula a thermosetting plastic and was purchased by the Corporation. Ideal for different use cases molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into a solid, surface... And the colors available the tips though, Ill use them in our search you into that crazy at! Of paper are saturated with a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch slightly different than Bakelite as it is exactly!!.? `` if it really was a really good price you for the polishing!!, plastic surface via thermal fusion Modern Retro Cigarett Set made of Bakelite is known as a “ of... Day in science class and do n't think I 've always wondered what is! Clothing Boutique - Portland, Oregon, Junebugs and Georgia Peaches: Adventures. Resin is a laminate, but we are still searching thanks for making floor tiles and.! Positively superb! xoxo, Sunni, I will now be smelling bracelets the.

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