There are six varieties of Hamburgs: The Golden-spangled, Silver-spangled, Golden-penciled, Silver-penciled, Black, and White. They are not eligible to win outside of their Variety, i.e. The bird comes in more than ten different varieties, including: Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, Citrone Penciled, Silver Penciled, White, Black, and more recently-Citron Spangled in bantam form. Hamburg chicks vary in appearance depending on their variety—but all are adorable! The nature of the breed is one of great activity and alertness. 29 and 30) are in the front ranks of egg producers and are in general appearance much like Leghorns. It is a finely built, small, active bird, lays a white egg, and is a non-setter. Liss: Nimrod Book Services, 1985. Chicken Breed Information - Hamburg - Hamburgs are a delightful breed known in England as the "Dutch Everyday Layers" or sometimes simply "Everlayers." One can well imagine the pride of each exhibitor, their Hamburg roosters stately in bearing, with beautifully arched sickle feathers, leaden blue legs, large white earlobes, and bright red rose shaped combs. These names were sometimes limited to the penciled varieties, but again we find them applying to both penciled and spangled birds. Black. Oh yes, they come in a plethora of colors to choose from: silver-spangled, golden penciled, silver penciled, golden spangled, and occasionally black and white. Characteristics: At that period and occasionally much later, the Laced and Spangled Polish were called Hamburgs, and Crested Hamburgs; so we cannot always determine whether the reference to Hamburg chickens is a reference to the modern Hamburg or modern Polish. Day Old Silver Spangled Hamburg Baby Chicks Hatching February to August. Brown, Edward. Production: You can expect between 200-255 medium, white eggs per year from one Silver Spangled Hamburg hen. Flighty, roosts in trees, winter hardy, good at avoiding predators. It is a slender bird (although, it still has enough weight to be OK for meat purposes), and it stands nice and tall when strutting about. The Hamburg is a small, elegant breed, very … Hamburg chickens were to be found in Holland by the fourteenth century, but it is unclear when they first arrived. Not only are they a beautiful breed to show, they're prolific layers of smallish white eggs, and they fare very well in cold weather. It is also thought that perhaps the Black Hamburg was created by crossing with the Spanish. It was not until after 1850 that the varieties were well established and the modern nomenclature came into general use. They were documented to have been there by the fourteenth century where the Dutch then developed them into the breed known as the Hamburg. The preference for it may have been at first because of its color, which after spangling was eliminated from the Polish was not found in any other breed. It was named for the Wyandotte Indian Nation to honor the help and aid they had given to the first white settler… The Silver Spangled Hamburg has been by far the most popular variety of the breed in America. It is essentially the golden counterpart of Silver Spangled variety, although there are significant differences between the Silver Spangled and Golden Spangled Hamburgs. Black: Standard black plumage. They behave well with other chickens and people, and this specific variety has striking black and silver feathers. Frizzle – Frizzle is recognized as a trait in any recognized breed/variety and is not listed separate. The beauty of the pattern is not as greatly appreciated except on close inspection. Prior to this time it was known by many different names, including: Pheasant fowl, Pheasants, Yorkshire Pheasant, Silver Pheasant-fowl of Yorkshire. The Hamburg parades for the world ten different plumages: Silver-Spangled, Golden-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, Silver-Penciled, White, Black and Citron Spangled. Additionally, the tail is solid black in both the male and the female Golden Spangled variety. Both the APA and American Bantam Association (ABA) recognize bantam Hamburgs (rose comb clean legged class). Bantam Hamburgs not only come in this beautiful Silver Spangled variety that I raise; but are also recognized in Golden Spangled, Gold Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, and White. It is known that in the U.S. that the Black Hamburg was crossed with Black Minorcas in order to improve body shape, increase size, and add new blood to the gene pool. Either way, if the Spangled and Black varieties were developed in England it is likely they derived, in part from imported Penciled Hamburgs which were subsequently crossed on local English breeds. The back is flat and slightly slopes from front to back. Varieties: Golden Spangled. This is another variety that was most likely developed and perfected in England. Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. If you like a fancy-looking flock, you will love having any variety of Hamburg. Today they are found in at least ten colours, six of which are recognised by the APA: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. Hamburgs (figs. Golden Penciled. History: The British imported the Dutch Penciled strain in the 1700s under the name of Dutch Everyday Layers. In England, they were called Creels, Chittiprats, and Chitterpats (meaning diminutive hen) and Bolton Grays (for the silver variety) and Bolton Bays (for the golden variety). Golden Spangled. The Hamburg chicken is a small breed—cocks tend to weigh only 5 lbs and hens about 4 lbs with slender legs and a neat rose comb. The American Standard of Perfection Illustrated: A Complete Description of All Recognized Breeds and Varieties of Domestic Poultry. In this variety, the ground color is white and each feather ends with a teardrop-shaped black spangle. From an early period after their arrival in America until about 1880, Hamburgs were decidedly popular with all classes of poultry keepers. The application of the name Pheasant came about because of the absurd belief that the breed was produced as a hybrid between a chicken and a pheasant. ... Hamburg: Silver Penciled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: Silver Spangled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: White: RCCL: Large Fowl: Hamburg: Black: Continental: To this day there are not a huge number of Hamburgs, especially of good quality, and they are typically only seen at the larger exhibitions. Chickens Waterfowl Turkeys Supplies WE ARE AMERICA’S INDUSTRY-LEADING HATCHERY, OFFERING MORE THAN 160 BREEDS OF POULTRY INCLUDING: CHICKENS, DUCKS, GEESE, TURKEYS, GUINEAS, AND GAME BIRDS. Pullets begin to lay at about 4-5 months of age. This variety doesn't quite have the striking color contrast of the Silver Spangled, which has been a limiting factor of the popularity of the Golden Spangled variety. All six Standard varieties of Hamburg chickens were recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. a tail feather, will have a larger spangle than a smaller feather such as a hackle feather. It is fairly certain that both the Golden and Silver Penciled varieties came from Holland and were exported to England via Hamburg, Germany. Races of Domestic Poultry. Silver Penciled: Standard silver penciled plumage. Please mail your original copies with our email form The use of the term "penciled" to describe the markings in these two varieties of Hamburg is a misleading relic from the days before the technical use of such terms was fixed. Burgettstown, PA: American Poultry Association, 2010. Through this port, both Hamburgs and Polish were shipped to London for a century or two before 1850. Usually, they are about the size and quality of the average Silver Spangled Hamburg. But there is very little evidence to otherwise support this theory. The breed does not bear confinement too well. No doubt the English greatly improved and perfected the breed and though there are several theories of an English origin none of them have sufficient evidence to support such a theory, at least with the Golden and Silver Penciled varieties. Recognized Color Varieties. This pattern is exactly the same as the Silver Penciled, only the ground color is bay rather than white. Golden Penciled Hamburg Chicken Breed breeding flock belonging to Cackle Hatchery. Silver Spangled. Yellow = Golden Penciled Hamburgs and Silver Penciled Hamburgs for sale *Some hatcheries and breeders selling “Blue” chickens will actually give you a mix of Blue, Black and Splash chicks. The breed’s true gift is not in number of eggs per year, but in continued laying of a large number of eggs over several years. In a sense that is correct but, the English breeders can only be credited, with total certainty, with improving and refining the stock that was imported from Continental Europe. The emergence of the Wyandotte breed can be credited to four people: Fred Houdlette, John Ray, L. Whittaker and H.M. Doubleday. Another strain of the Silver Penciled Wyandotte was made by crossing the Silver Laced Wyandotte with a Silver Penciled Hamburg. Another theory is that both of the spangled varieties of Hamburg were developed from the old Yorkshire Pheasant and Lancashire Mooney. It is no surprise that the Hamburg is credited as being the grandfather of the poultry show. Recognized Color Varieties: Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue; Bantam Varieties: Barred, Black, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, White, Silver Penciled, Black; Rhode Island Red. These small-size chickens, with light, sweeping, graceful outlines are elegant and beautiful. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, please confirm events are happening with organizers before attending. They are consistent layers, have a bright cheerfulness when foraging, and love a free range setting. As they are fairly small birds they are not generally used for meat. Blue Hamburgs are not recognized by the APA, though they are sold by several hatcheries in North America. After the Silver Spangled, this has been the most popular variety of the breed. Characteristics. The Silver Spangled Hamburg is a Dutch breed and not of German origin. Hamburg Appearance. But the Hamburg was not without its faults. Historical lack of interest in it can be explained by its lack of quality as a show bird when compared with White Leghorns. Works CitedRobinson, John H. Popular Breeds of Domestic Poultry. Hamburgs are active, graceful and flighty semi-wild birds. What is known is that the breed takes its name from the German city and port of Hamburg. Golden Penciled: Standard golden penciled plumage. Silver Penciled. Golden Penciled. Ring size is 16 mm for cocks and 15 mm for hens. It is generally believed that this variety was evolved and perfected in England. Standard Varieties of Chickens: Hamburgs. The Golden Penciled and Silver Penciled varieties of the breed were developed by the Dutch. This variety is so rare in this country that it is all but impossible to find good individuals. While all the varieties of Hamburg chickens were embraced in America, the White Hamburg, created but shunned in England, owes much to the attention of American breeders. Pullet: 20 oz.Prepared by Michael Schlumbohm and Keith Bramwell, Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas. In fact, some believe that the best of the best Hamburg chickens originate from Holland and the Hamburg region of Germany. The Hamburg is a small or medium-sized breed. The tail of the male is solid black with the sickles being laced with silver. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. White. The spangle should be proportionate to the size of the feather, in other words, a larger feather, i.e. Standard Weights: Cock; 5 lbs; Hen: 4 lbs; Cockerel: 4 lbs; Pullet: 3 ½ lbs. Kansas City: Covington Group, 2011. Skin Color: White. Non-Standard Large Fowl. The original name of the breed was American Sebright but when the bird was accepted by the American Poultry Association, the name was changed to Wyandotte. They are excellent foragers and great layers. The Dutch developed what is now known as the Silver Penciled and the Golden Penciled Hamburgs. The breed was first called the Hamburg chicken in the early 1840s, and some writers document the fact that the best birds came from Holland and from Hamburg. Silver Penciled Hamburg hen and rooster. Over the course of poultry history, there have been claims that the Hamburg is an English creation. All varieties have slate or black shanks, feet, and toes, with the bottoms of the feet being white. The Hamburg breed has an obscure past with several theories as to where it originated. Which are Black, Golden Penciled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Silver Spangled and White. In the video slideshow, you can see Silver-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, and Black Hamburg chicks, respectively. Hamburg hens were known to prefer nesting in hedgerows and had the habit of roosting very high in trees. This variety is another rarity and is in need of more breeders. The spangled variety was evolved in England and admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in 1874. Like most foragers that survive, Hamburgs develop a keen awareness of their environment. Well, we do know that centuries prior to that “show and crow” dazzling Hamburg chickens were found in Holland where the Dutch people are credited with breeding the finely marked Penciled variety of the breed. He also wrote that then, and from ancient times, birds of Hamburg and Polish types were collected in Holland, Belgium, Germany, and Russia for shipment to England; and that frequently four or five coops containing 25 birds each arrived together and were all sold in a single morning. This variety is rarely seen and when they are seen the quality is generally lacking. The Silver Penciled Wyandotte also originated in the east and west parts of the U.S. and are a result of crossing a Partridge Wyandotte with the Dark Brahma. This is a docile breed of chicken that is ideal for anyone looking for a pet, brooder, or show chicken. Roo… However, in later years at least a part of the greater popularity of this variety was due to the fact that it was bred to a higher level of perfection in terms of size, body shape, and color when compared to the other Hamburg varieties. they cannot advance to compete for higher Breed or Class honors. Technically, these Hamburg varieties are not penciled, but "barred." But as the Leghorn eventually grew in favor, the Hamburg rapidly declined. Hamburg chickens are quite prolific egg layers. By 1890 it had practically ceased to be used by utility poultry keepers and had lost a lot of it's following among fanciers. There are several accounts of English breeders purchasing and breeding birds called Hamburgs that came directly from the Netherlands. The chicks feather up fast and mature quickly. Storey's Illustrated Box 164870 • Little Rock, Arkansas 72216501(C)(3) NONPROFIT. Guide to Poultry Breeds Hamburg Chicken Colors Photo: Paphos Chicken Farm Hamburgs come in a ton of very cool color varieties including Black, White, Silver Spangled, Gold Spangled, Citron Spangled, Blue, Blue Spangled, Gold Penciled, Citron Penciled and Silver Penciled. Silver Spangled Hamburg Chicken The main reason people love this bird, however, is the fact that it looks graceful, stylish and stunning when it walks about. There is a moderate break at the junction of the tail and back with the well-spread, moderately long tail held at an angle of 35-40 degrees. In the Golden Spangled male, the hackle and saddle feathers have a black stripe rather than a spangle. These fellows set out to create an American dual purpose hen, something that was lacking in the late 1800s. We offer the Silver Pencil Cochin Bantam, one of several different varieties of Cochin Bantams. All have reddish bay eyes. Hamburgs For Sale Learn More About Hamburgs at the North American Hamburg Society. This obscure history is complicated further because there are theories that the different varieties originated in different countries as well. Black. Bantam Hamburgs are a relatively small bird, with cocks weighing 26 ounces and hens a mere 22 ounces. The Hamburg (continental class) is generally a non-sitting chicken that was originally bred for enhanced egg production. They were one of the first improved egg breeds to be used in America and there are reports of Hamburgs laying 200 to 250 eggs per year. On the authority of "John Oldbird", the arrival of Hamburgs in America was nearly contemporary with that of the Polish and Black Spanish (about 1825), possibly a little earlier. History has it that the first chicken show was a contest to settle the dispute of whose rooster was most magnificent. Black beak and black shanks. Copyright 2019 The Heritage Poultry ConservancyP.O. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. Early during the breed’s time in England, there was a popular belief that Hamburg chickens were a hybrid of a cross of common chickens and pheasants. This was conducted in a pub in England, about 1800, the bartender acting as judge, a copper pot as prize, and the roosters competing are said to have been Hamburgs. PLUS A FULL LINE OF FEED, SUPPLIES, GIFTS AND DECOR. Yet, there is another older theory that the Silver Spangled Hamburg came from Italy as evidenced in Aldrovandi's work of poultry published in 1599. Hamburgs with the Silver Spangled pattern have also been called "Moonies" and "Crescents" due to their unique plumage! Silver Spangled Hamburgs are small, active, and beautiful. Silver Spangled Hamburgs are quite small, nearly bantam in size. The Hamburg goes by many other names such as the Yorkshire Pheasant. This variety as well as the Golden Penciled is in need of more supporters to both increase numbers and improve quality. Still, other names were Moonies, Chittiprats, Creoles (or Creels), and 'Dutch Everyday Layers'. Sometime prior to 1785 Penciled Hamburgs made their way to England. The breed has a bright red rose comb and large white earlobes. As a result of this, more attention has been given to the breeding and showing of Golden Penciled Hamburg and not the Silver Penciled variety. The bartender acted as the judge, and the price is a pot of copper. One theory of its creation was that it was a cross between a Spotted-Breasted Game and the 'Dutch Everyday Layer'. When given free range, Hamburg chickens are active, small consumers of grain, great foragers, and even a bit noisy. The eggshells are white and the skin is also white with white ear lobes and a somewhat large and pronounced rose comb. It is not very clear when Hamburg chickens first arrived in Holland. The Black Hamburg was most likely developed and perfected in England. Bantam Standard for the Breeder, Exhibitor, and Judge. Though the young can be a bit delicate until this age, once mature, Hamburg chickens are quite robust. Unfortunately, there is no definitive evidence in any case to 100% support exactly where the Hamburg breed originated. Egg Shell Color: White. Hamburgs arrived in America prior to 1856 and were much desired for egg production. Ultimately, the only clear evidence of its origin lies in the fact that we call it Hamburg. They were also so much more attractive in body shape and color than the early Leghorns that people who valued them for their beauty were willing to overlook their faults. Hamburgs are flyers and can be difficult to keep confined. The relative attractiveness of silver and golden is revered, as compared with the spangled varieties, primarily because the contrast in bay and black shows much better in barring than in spangling, but also because the Golden Penciled male was thought of as a much more showy bird than the Silver Penciled male. Breed Traits. The birds of this variety seen in this country are generally small and the color pattern needs a lot of improvement. Many people thought that the yellow beak and legs of the White Leghorn made for a more striking bird while the white beak and slate legs of the White Hamburg were not as attractive. Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. This variety is rarely seen and is in serious need of more breeders. The first birds of this type known in England carried this name and therefore we should assume that the breed originated in Continental Europe and is therefore placed in the Continental class of the APA. Harrison Weir stated that in the 1850's he had bought Hamburgs and Polish in the London markets, which had just arrived in the country. Males weigh 5 lbs and females weigh 4 lbs. Interestingly, Aldrovandi then places the breed as having a Turkish origin. The Hamburg is a … There are six varieties of this breed that are all recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874 – the Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, White, Silver Spangled, and the Golden Spangled. Silver Spangled Hamburg Murray McMurray Hatchery #2: Hamburg chicks can be fragile. The female of this variety is barred all over, except in the hackle, which is pure white; the male is mostly white with very little barring visible, except on the flank area. Click on your hatchery or breeder of interest to learn more about the color varieties they offer. The Silver Spangled Hamburg is one of the most alert breeds on the poultry list.
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